How to Prune Most Common Evergreens
We love potted Evergreens!
The planters add beauty to the simplicity of the plant and
the plant stays green all year long which compliments the planter! The best of both worlds! The only thing we can’t stand is seeing a
beautiful pot with an overgrown, scraggly, lopsided evergreen. So, if you properly prune them on a regular
basis they will look their best for years to come.
Here are some tips like what parts to trim, how much to take
off, and when is the best time to trim.
Whether the plant is pine, spruce, rhododendron, or camellia,
you need to know where the new growth will originate. Then trim away any dead branches, cut back to
live wood or the base of the plant. Cut
off broken or damaged branches and remove any crossing or rubbing branches.
Arborvitae – Fast growing, tolerates heavy pruning. Prune in early spring, and reduce a branch
by no more than one-quarter its length.
New growth will emerge from buds along the pruned branch.
Boxwood – Thinning is key to maintaining. Dense growth in the interior of the shrub can
cause disease. Thin it out by cutting
overgrown stems no more than one-third each year. Lightly prune to the desired shape.
Camellia – Slow-growing rarely needs pruning. If it gets lanky, encourage new growth by
trimming each branch back by no more than one-quarter of its length. Cut just above a node. The best time to prune is after it flowers.
Pines – produce new growth at the branch tips in
spring. To keep it compact prune each
new growth back by one-third to one-half its length. Don’t prune into woody stems because new
growth won’t develop there.
Spruce – Prune in Spring.
Reduce the length of branches by cutting each one back to a lateral branch
or bud. Bottom branches will die with
age and can be removed.